[Comp-neuro] Neural modeling article on encoding and retrieval of a hippocampal CA1 microcircuit

Cutsuridis, Vassilis vcu at cs.stir.ac.uk
Mon Jul 27 15:36:01 CEST 2009

The following article about memory storage and retrieval of a hippocampal microcircuit is available at http://www.cs.stir.ac.uk/~vcu:

Cutsuridis, V., Cobb, S., Graham B.P.
Encoding and retrieval in the hippocampal CA1 microcircuit model.
Hippocampus, in press.

It has been proposed that the hippocampal theta rhythm (4-7 Hz) can contribute to memory formation by separating encoding (storage) and retrieval of memories into different functional half-cycles (Hasselmo et al. (2002) Neural Comput 14:793-817). We investigate, via computer simulations, the biophysical mechanisms by which storage and recall of spatio-temporal input patterns are achieved by the CA1 microcircuitry. A model of the CA1 microcircuit is presented that uses biophysical representations of the major cell types, including pyramidal (P) cells and four types of inhibitory interneurons: basket (B) cells, axoaxonic (AA) cells, bistratified (BS) cells, and oriens lacunosum-moleculare (OLM) cells. Inputs to the network come from the entorhinal cortex (EC), the CA3 Schaffer collaterals, and medial septum. The EC input provides the sensory information, whereas all other inputs provide context and timing information. Septal input provides timing information for phasing storage and recall. Storage is accomplished via a local STDP mediated hetero-association of the EC input pattern and the incoming CA3 input pattern on the CA1 pyramidal cell target synapses. The model simulates the timing of firing of different hippocampal cell types relative to the theta rhythm in anesthetized animals and proposes experimentally confirmed functional roles for the different classes of inhibitory interneurons in the storage and recall cycles (Klausberger et al. (2003)Nature 421:844-848; Klausberger et al. (2004) Nat Neurosci 7:41-47). Measures of recall performance of new and previously stored input patterns in the presence or absence of various inhibitory interneurons are used to quantitatively test the performance of our model. Finally, the mean recall quality of the CA1 microcircuit is tested as the number of stored patterns is increased.

Key Words: CA1 microcircuit model; storage and recall; pyramidal cell; basket cell; bistratified cell; OLM cell; axo-axonic cell; STDP

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